Challenges

ACME Identifier Validation Challenges.

class acme.challenges.Challenge(**kwargs: Any)[source]

ACME challenge.

classmethod from_json(jobj: Mapping[str, Any]) Union[acme.challenges.GenericChallenge, acme.challenges.UnrecognizedChallenge][source]

Deserialize ACME object from valid JSON object.

Raises

josepy.errors.UnrecognizedTypeError – if type of the ACME object has not been registered.

class acme.challenges.ChallengeResponse(**kwargs: Any)[source]

ACME challenge response.

class acme.challenges.UnrecognizedChallenge(jobj: Mapping[str, Any])[source]

Unrecognized challenge.

ACME specification defines a generic framework for challenges and defines some standard challenges that are implemented in this module. However, other implementations (including peers) might define additional challenge types, which should be ignored if unrecognized.

Variables

jobj – Original JSON decoded object.

to_partial_json() Dict[str, Any][source]

Get JSON serializable object.

Returns

Serializable JSON object representing ACME typed object. validate() will almost certainly not work, due to reasons explained in josepy.interfaces.IJSONSerializable.

Return type

dict

classmethod from_json(jobj: Mapping[str, Any]) acme.challenges.UnrecognizedChallenge[source]

Deserialize ACME object from valid JSON object.

Raises

josepy.errors.UnrecognizedTypeError – if type of the ACME object has not been registered.

class acme.challenges.KeyAuthorizationChallengeResponse(**kwargs: Any)[source]

Response to Challenges based on Key Authorization.

Parameters

key_authorization (str) –

verify(chall: acme.challenges.KeyAuthorizationChallenge, account_public_key: josepy.jwk.JWK) bool[source]

Verify the key authorization.

Parameters
  • chall (KeyAuthorization) – Challenge that corresponds to this response.

  • account_public_key (JWK) –

Returns

True iff verification of the key authorization was successful.

Return type

bool

to_partial_json() Dict[str, Any][source]

See josepy.JSONDeserializable.to_partial_json()

class acme.challenges.KeyAuthorizationChallenge(**kwargs: Any)[source]

Challenge based on Key Authorization.

Parameters
key_authorization(account_key: josepy.jwk.JWK) str[source]

Generate Key Authorization.

Parameters

account_key (JWK) –

Rtype str

response(account_key: josepy.jwk.JWK) acme.challenges.KeyAuthorizationChallengeResponse[source]

Generate response to the challenge.

Parameters

account_key (JWK) –

Returns

Response (initialized response_cls) to the challenge.

Return type

KeyAuthorizationChallengeResponse

abstract validation(account_key: josepy.jwk.JWK, **kwargs: Any) Any[source]

Generate validation for the challenge.

Subclasses must implement this method, but they are likely to return completely different data structures, depending on what’s necessary to complete the challenge. Interpretation of that return value must be known to the caller.

Parameters

account_key (JWK) –

Returns

Challenge-specific validation.

response_and_validation(account_key: josepy.jwk.JWK, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) Tuple[acme.challenges.KeyAuthorizationChallengeResponse, Any][source]

Generate response and validation.

Convenience function that return results of response and validation.

Parameters

account_key (JWK) –

Return type

tuple

class acme.challenges.DNS01Response(**kwargs: Any)[source]

ACME dns-01 challenge response.

simple_verify(chall: acme.challenges.DNS01, domain: str, account_public_key: josepy.jwk.JWK) bool[source]

Simple verify.

This method no longer checks DNS records and is a simple wrapper around KeyAuthorizationChallengeResponse.verify.

Parameters
  • chall (challenges.DNS01) – Corresponding challenge.

  • domain (str) – Domain name being verified.

  • account_public_key (JWK) – Public key for the key pair being authorized.

Returns

True iff verification of the key authorization was successful.

Return type

bool

class acme.challenges.DNS01(**kwargs: Any)[source]

ACME dns-01 challenge.

response_cls

alias of acme.challenges.DNS01Response

LABEL = '_acme-challenge'

Label clients prepend to the domain name being validated.

validation(account_key: josepy.jwk.JWK, **unused_kwargs: Any) str[source]

Generate validation.

Parameters

account_key (JWK) –

Return type

str

validation_domain_name(name: str) str[source]

Domain name for TXT validation record.

Parameters

name (str) – Domain name being validated.

Return type

str

class acme.challenges.HTTP01Response(**kwargs: Any)[source]

ACME http-01 challenge response.

PORT = 80

Verification port as defined by the protocol.

You can override it (e.g. for testing) by passing port to simple_verify.

WHITESPACE_CUTSET = '\n\r\t '

Whitespace characters which should be ignored at the end of the body.

simple_verify(chall: acme.challenges.HTTP01, domain: str, account_public_key: josepy.jwk.JWK, port: Optional[int] = None) bool[source]

Simple verify.

Parameters
  • chall (challenges.SimpleHTTP) – Corresponding challenge.

  • domain (str) – Domain name being verified.

  • account_public_key (JWK) – Public key for the key pair being authorized.

  • port (int) – Port used in the validation.

Returns

True iff validation with the files currently served by the HTTP server is successful.

Return type

bool

class acme.challenges.HTTP01(**kwargs: Any)[source]

ACME http-01 challenge.

response_cls

alias of acme.challenges.HTTP01Response

URI_ROOT_PATH = '.well-known/acme-challenge'

URI root path for the server provisioned resource.

property path: str

Path (starting with ‘/’) for provisioned resource.

Return type

str

uri(domain: str) str[source]

Create an URI to the provisioned resource.

Forms an URI to the HTTPS server provisioned resource (containing token).

Parameters

domain (str) – Domain name being verified.

Return type

str

validation(account_key: josepy.jwk.JWK, **unused_kwargs: Any) str[source]

Generate validation.

Parameters

account_key (JWK) –

Return type

str

class acme.challenges.TLSALPN01Response(**kwargs: Any)[source]

ACME tls-alpn-01 challenge response.

PORT = 443

Verification port as defined by the protocol.

You can override it (e.g. for testing) by passing port to simple_verify.

property h: bytes

Hash value stored in challenge certificate

gen_cert(domain: str, key: Optional[OpenSSL.crypto.PKey] = None, bits: int = 2048) Tuple[OpenSSL.crypto.X509, OpenSSL.crypto.PKey][source]

Generate tls-alpn-01 certificate.

Parameters
  • domain (str) – Domain verified by the challenge.

  • key (OpenSSL.crypto.PKey) – Optional private key used in certificate generation. If not provided (None), then fresh key will be generated.

  • bits (int) – Number of bits for newly generated key.

Return type

tuple of OpenSSL.crypto.X509 and OpenSSL.crypto.PKey

probe_cert(domain: str, host: Optional[str] = None, port: Optional[int] = None) OpenSSL.crypto.X509[source]

Probe tls-alpn-01 challenge certificate.

Parameters
  • domain (str) – domain being validated, required.

  • host (str) – IP address used to probe the certificate.

  • port (int) – Port used to probe the certificate.

verify_cert(domain: str, cert: OpenSSL.crypto.X509) bool[source]

Verify tls-alpn-01 challenge certificate.

Parameters
  • domain (str) – Domain name being validated.

  • cert (OpensSSL.crypto.X509) – Challenge certificate.

Returns

Whether the certificate was successfully verified.

Return type

bool

simple_verify(chall: acme.challenges.TLSALPN01, domain: str, account_public_key: josepy.jwk.JWK, cert: Optional[OpenSSL.crypto.X509] = None, host: Optional[str] = None, port: Optional[int] = None) bool[source]

Simple verify.

Verify validation using account_public_key, optionally probe tls-alpn-01 certificate and check using verify_cert.

Parameters
  • chall (challenges.TLSALPN01) – Corresponding challenge.

  • domain (str) – Domain name being validated.

  • account_public_key (JWK) –

  • cert (OpenSSL.crypto.X509) – Optional certificate. If not provided (None) certificate will be retrieved using probe_cert.

  • host (string) – IP address used to probe the certificate.

  • port (int) – Port used to probe the certificate.

Returns

True if and only if client’s control of the domain has been verified.

Return type

bool

class acme.challenges.TLSALPN01(**kwargs: Any)[source]

ACME tls-alpn-01 challenge.

response_cls

alias of acme.challenges.TLSALPN01Response

validation(account_key: josepy.jwk.JWK, **kwargs: Any) Tuple[OpenSSL.crypto.X509, OpenSSL.crypto.PKey][source]

Generate validation.

Parameters
  • account_key (JWK) –

  • domain (str) – Domain verified by the challenge.

  • cert_key (OpenSSL.crypto.PKey) – Optional private key used in certificate generation. If not provided (None), then fresh key will be generated.

Return type

tuple of OpenSSL.crypto.X509 and OpenSSL.crypto.PKey

static is_supported() bool[source]

Check if TLS-ALPN-01 challenge is supported on this machine. This implies that a recent version of OpenSSL is installed (>= 1.0.2), or a recent cryptography version shipped with the OpenSSL library is installed.

Returns

True if TLS-ALPN-01 is supported on this machine, False otherwise.

Return type

bool

class acme.challenges.DNS(**kwargs: Any)[source]

ACME “dns” challenge.

LABEL = '_acme-challenge'

Label clients prepend to the domain name being validated.

gen_validation(account_key: josepy.jwk.JWK, alg: josepy.jwa.JWASignature = RS256, **kwargs: Any) josepy.jws.JWS[source]

Generate validation.

Parameters
  • account_key (JWK) – Private account key.

  • alg (JWA) –

Returns

This challenge wrapped in JWS

Return type

JWS

check_validation(validation: josepy.jws.JWS, account_public_key: josepy.jwk.JWK) bool[source]

Check validation.

Parameters
  • validation (JWS) –

  • account_public_key (JWK) –

Return type

bool

gen_response(account_key: josepy.jwk.JWK, **kwargs: Any) acme.challenges.DNSResponse[source]

Generate response.

Parameters
  • account_key (JWK) – Private account key.

  • alg (JWA) –

Return type

DNSResponse

validation_domain_name(name: str) str[source]

Domain name for TXT validation record.

Parameters

name (str) – Domain name being validated.

class acme.challenges.DNSResponse(**kwargs: Any)[source]

ACME “dns” challenge response.

Parameters

validation (JWS) –

check_validation(chall: acme.challenges.DNS, account_public_key: josepy.jwk.JWK) bool[source]

Check validation.

Parameters
Return type

bool